- Bulirsch, R, Nerz, E, Pesch, H J, and von Stryk, O, Combining Direct and Indirect Methods in Nonlinear Optimal Control: Range Maximization of a Hang Glider. In Bulirsch, R, Ed, Optimal Control. Birkhauser Verlag, 1993, pp. 273-288.
- Dolan, E D, and More, J J, Benchmarking Optimization Software with COPS. Tech. rep., Mathematics and Computer Science Division, 2000.
- Original source: GAMS Model of glider.gms from GAMS Model Library